There are many different reasons that can cause an engine overheat, but they all have in common three aspects. The three aspects which all engine overheat factors have in common are that they cause that the heating system cannot get rid of heat, they cause a loss of coolant or they directly cause too much heat in the engine.
One first problem which might be the cause of an engine overheat is a problem with the radiator cap and the pressure it holds. If the radiator cap does not hold pressure correctly then coolant could boil and therefore the engine would overheat. Another reason might be caused by thermostat failures; it is recommendable that you check it.
The car engine might also overheat due to coolant leaks such as those from the radiator, the hoses, the water pump, the freeze plugs or any others. Also, problems in the water pump could be the cause and therefore you should check it and replace it in case it is needed.
Some other reasons by which the car engine could overheat are problems in the exhaust system which you can discover by checking vacuum readings, pipes, and converter. Besides, you should also make sure that the radiator hose has not collapsed and the ignition timing is working properly.
You should also check the electric cooling fan by making sure that the fan motor, the relay, and temperature are correct or otherwise it could cause the engine to overheat. Besides this, you should also check the radiator in case there is any debris in it as well as you should check its hose in case it has collapsed.
It is also recommendable that you check the antifreeze concentration which should be 50/50 in order to be correct, otherwise, it could cause the car engine to overheat. If you do not find why your engine does overheat, you should ask a mechanic or an expert for advice. You should not try to fix this if you do not have the proper tools and general car knowledge necessary for it.